This data is from a study performed by Teen Health 2000, which is a community-based, prospective study of the epidemiology of disorders among teenagers. The study involved demographic data, a structured psychiatric interview, as well as questions about about stress exposure. The interviews with each teen took between one to two hours.
The symptom criteria for teenage insomnia, according to the APAs Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), is defined by difficulty initiating sleep, early morning awakening, difficulty maintaining sleep, and also nonrestorative sleep over the past four weeks.
In the first screening, 27 percent of teens had one of more symptoms of insomnia, 7 percent of adolescents had one or more symptoms of insomnia in addition to daytime fatigue or sleepiness or both, and 5 percent of teens met the DSM clinical diagnosis criteria. This diagnosis attempts to rule out other psychiatric disorders, and also rule out the effects of drugs, alcohol, or other medication. These can sometimes be confused with chronic insomnia.
Other studies show that chronic teen insomnia can be caused by emotional or behavioral.
Adolescents with chronic insomnia are also more likely to seek medical care. More insomnia therapy. The data also goes on to suggest that primary care settings might provide a venue for screening the insomnia as well as early intervention of adolescent insomnia.